In support of the combat against the deadly Ebola virus in Liberia, the Chinese Embassy accredited near Monrovia has donated several anti- Ebola materials to the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (BIN) in the fight against the deadly epidemic.Speaking to newsmen on Monday at the BIN’s Broad Street office, Commissioner Lemuel Reeves said, he was grateful to the Embassy for the kind gesture of support to toward the empowerment of his men, describing it as timely.According to the BIN Commissioner, the donation includes personal protective equipment (PPE), hand-gloves, suits and facemasks intended to enhance the work of the officers in the field, especially those in the border areas. “We are very grateful to the Chinese Government for their generous contributions to the fight against the deadly Ebola virus. This will give our men more confidence as they go about performing their duties during this critical time in our country.”Commissioner Reeves further said that the fight against the virus in Liberia should be the concern of all of us Liberians and foreign residents. “We must be concerned and continue to worker harder to ensure that the epidemic is contained.The Commissioner praised all local and international partners of the Government of Liberia for their commitment to supporting the campaign against the deadly Ebola virus. Their contributions were fully helping in the process, he said.“We hope that our partners will continue to provide more support for the officers out there because more is needed. I can assure you that these things will be deployed in the field, especially in those counties affected by the virus. The items are needed at the border points.”He explained that authorities of the BIN were greatly concerned about the men in the field that are striving fully to protect various crossing points. “We will continue to encourage them and provide the necessary materials for their work.”Mr. Reeves turned the anti-Ebola materials donated to the Deputy Commissioner for operations, Robert Buddy, who assured the authorities of proper distributions in the various areas.On behalf of the women and men of the BIN, Deputy Commissioner Buddy said, “We want to say thanks to the Chinese Government for their timely contributions to the officers of BIN. Let us continue to work together.”Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Darwin is going to get a surprise on his birthday next year. Ben Stein is releasing a film on Feb. 12, 2008, entitled “Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed.” The gift may not be what Darwin wants. The press release subtitle asks, “Whatever happened to free speech?” Apparently Premise Media decided to document the trend among Darwinists to crush any dissent:What freedom-loving student wouldn’t be outraged to discover that his high school science teacher is teaching a theory as indisputable fact, and that university professors unmercifully crush any fellow scientists who dare question the prevailing system of belief? This isn’t the latest Hollywood comedy; it’s a disturbing new documentary that will shock anyone who thinks all scientists are free to follow the evidence wherever it may lead…. Ben Stein, the lovable, monotone teacher from Ferris Bueller’s Day Off and The Wonder Years is on a journey to answer one of the biggest questions ever asked: Were we designed or are we simply the end result of an ancient mud puddle struck by lightning? Stein, who is also a lawyer, an economist, a former presidential speechwriter, author and social commentator, is stunned by what he finds on his journey. He discovers an elitist scientific establishment that has traded in its skepticism for dogma. But even worse, along the way, Stein uncovers a long line of biologists, astronomers, chemists and philosophers who have had their reputations destroyed and their careers ruined by a scientific establishment that allows absolutely no dissent from Charles Darwin’s theory of random mutation and natural selection.The Discovery Institute, one of the frequent targets of the Big Science “Darwinian machine,” is looking forward to this documentary with cautious optimism. The movie trailer can be found at ExpelledTheMovie.com. It shows Ben in shorts and a tie blowing the bullhorn on suppression. The site contains a blog, newsroom and other resources for involvement.Well, this is an interesting development. Will the Darwin attack machine try to take on Ben Stein, or just ignore him? Do we finally have a courageous reporter unafraid to ask the hard questions and stand up to institutionalized suppression? What will the NCSE do to forestall a media crisis, right when they are trying to make Darwin Day an international event? They certainly have ample warning, so this will be a battle royale worth watching. We just hope that the comedy-documentary format will not detract from the scientific and philosophical flaws of Darwinism. These need airing in serious circles among trained minds. Still, sometimes a media focus can help shake a stalled discussion loose. Stein’s appeal to the rebel instinct may attract some youthful bystanders to ask questions. Most likely the Darwin Party will try to portray Ben Stein as a clown who doesn’t know what he is talking about, and treat the film like a small roadside protest that can be safely ignored as Big Science marches on in the Darwin parade. We know their tactics: whitewash the cases of suppression in the film as small-time aberrations, lie about all the overwhelming evidence for evolution, pick on small flaws in the film but ignore the main points, and marginalize Stein and film fans as religious nuts. It appears that Stein and the producers will not take being pigeonholed so easily. They intend this to start a nationwide debate. We’ll see. The Darwin Party has amassed a huge arsenal to protect its idol. The thing about idols, though, is: the bigger they are, the harder they fall. Pieces of the Darwin idol may one day become trophies as coveted as pieces of the Berlin Wall.(Visited 30 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Passengers have praised Singapore Airlines crew for the professional and calm manner in which they dealt with an oil fire.The Singapore Airlines 777 was on a flight from Singapore to Milan with 222 passengers aboard when it was forced to turn back because of a reported oil leak.On landing the oil – which had leaked along the wing – caught fire and was put out by fire crews within 5 minutes. See Singapore Airlines Seven Star rating hereNobody on board was hurt and the cabin remained very quiet through the ordeal.However what is not clear is why an immediate evacuation was not called and this will form part of the investigation. SIA said in a statement that an engine oil warning forced the flight to turn back.”The aircraft’s right engine caught fire after the aircraft touched down at Changi Airport at around 6:50am,” it said.”The fire was put out by airport emergency services and there were no injuries to the 222 passengers and 19 crew on board.”Passengers disembarked through stairs and were transported to the terminal building by bus.”One passenger tweeted that the crew was extremely professional and very calm.Another passenger, Lee Bee Yee, told The Straits Times that “all the passengers were surprisingly quite calm.”
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A revolution in Midwestern agriculture has to happen to minimize the Gulf of Mexico’s hypoxic zone, according to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Institute for Sustainability, Energy, and Environment (iSEE).In September, iSEE Directors and Affiliates published a commentary piece in Nature Sustainability, produced as a result of the iSEE Critical Conversation 2018: The Nitrogen Reduction Challenge, a collaborative forum that united scientists and scholars to generate innovative solutions.According to a team of Illinois researchers, each annual harvest removes just 60% to 70% of nitrogen from fields.“Ultimately, via the Mississippi River, the remaining nitrogen will flow into the Gulf, facilitating hypoxia (oxygen deficiency) and endangering marine life,” said Madhu Khanna, iSEE Associate Director for Research and principal author.Based on discussions at the critical conversation and existing research, Khanna and her co-authors suggest a two-pronged strategy to address the issue. Nitrogen requirements typically differ from site to site, even in a single field. However, many farmers opt to fertilize uniformly, which can be detrimental to crop health and facilitate excess chemical runoff. This paper proposes blending big data technology with site-specific “precision farming” — real-time, comprehensive data repositories can allow farmers to apply nitrogen in optimal quantities.Current strategies to mitigate the Gulf’s biological and financial hazards are high-cost, low-reward, often relying on voluntary participation and demanding financial incentive. However, iSEE’s proposed solutions are proactive.“The insight needed to vary nitrogen applications in response to site-specific conditions will be instrumental in reducing nutrient loss and increasing profitability,” Khanna said.The authors posit genome editing as a second strategy to reduce corn’s dependence on nitrogen. To close, they suggest a series of next steps centered on research into precision farming, stakeholder education and engagement, and legislation to advance genome editing and water quality regulations.The writing team of “Harnessing Emerging Technologies to Mitigate the Hypoxia Challenge” also includes: Benjamin M. Gramig, Associate Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics; Evan H. DeLucia, iSEE Baum Family Director; Ximing Cai, iSEE Associate Director for Campus Sustainability; and Praveen Kumar, Colonel Harry F. and Frankie M. Lovell Endowed Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering. The authors acknowledge the Alvin H. Baum Family Fund for sponsorship of iSEE Critical Conversations.
“Existing models are bankrupt now”Thornton MayTHORNTON MAYAUTHOR, FUTURIST & THINKER How do we translate the wonder which is the promise of information technology into something that truly matters? And that brings us to this whole issue of “Can the Web be Free?” It is all about you. The Massachusetts Institute,”Existing models are bankrupt now”Thornton MayTHORNTON MAYAUTHOR, FUTURIST & THINKER How do we translate the wonder which is the promise of information technology into something that truly matters? And that brings us to this whole issue of “Can the Web be Free?” It is all about you. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology calls where we are living today as a formative historical moment. But it is really a punctuated equilibrium. This is an idea of a very distinct and fundamental revolution during which one conceptual worldview is replaced by another. That is what is happening today.Here’s the framework. The Cold War wasn’t about the US versus the Soviet Union alone, it was about choice versus not choice. In the global marketplace, we are now in an informational cold war which breaks down to free versus not free.THE VICTORS OF THE WEB WILL BE THE COMPANIES WHICH WILL GET CUSTOMERS TO PAINT A PART OF THEIR FENCE.The question of free or not free is not just a media debate. The media is the first to go through this framework which will drive the next 10 to 15 years of economic behaviour. So what are the implications of this next cold war? Organisations not thinking in terms of free versus not free are behind the time. Executives need to repolish their strategy lens and re-calibrate their business models-either it is free or not free and organisations need to get busy giving stuff away and getting it for free. So it means that we have got to understand the entire value chain and our suppliers. Google exemplifies this situation.There are three paths to the future- mental models, the age of big information; and bringing the future to the present. The future is a predictable linear extrapolation of the world we live in today i.e. where have we been, where are we now and where we are going. Then there is the unpredictable future- the “Aha”, the “Eureka” or a disruptive future. And then there is the future we create. Processing power doubles every 18 months. Storage capacity doubles every 12 months and bandwidth doubles every nine months. This is exponential technology change.advertisementThink about what this means. Everything is talking to everything. What this does is to bankrupt all our existing models of values and products. All companies have to start thinking about “what we are going to give away ” because the value is fundamentally changing. Content comes to you in different ways so the game is afoot. How do we deal with this? The real issue is this: What are people really thinking? We will have to tease out people’s pre-conceived and existing biases about how value happens in and around information management use and sharing. Mental models regarding value frequently vary. In 2001, a high-priced gallery in London exhibited a work consisting of discarded coffee cups, empty beer bottles and candy wrappers which were valued at six figures. But a janitor tossed the whole thing out with the trash. We have different ways of looking at models, this is the message we frequently forget. Capitalism requires multiple value points operating simultaneously. Every stock trade depends on someone saying “time to sell” and a connected party simultaneously concluding “time to buy”. In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, we have a hero who I think is the hero of our new media age, who is able to persuade his play pals not only to do the work for him but to pay him for the privilege of painting a fence. This is the next stage of competition. What can you get your users to do for you? And this talks about the victors of web-Amazon, eBay, Google-all differentiating themselves in competition, in their ability to get customers to paint a part of their fence. The bottom line is on every issue, at any given point of time that there may be multiple mental models at work and they necessarily don’t have to be rational.In 1971, five robbers entered a bank in New York. One of the bank tellers who was a woman, on being chased by an armed man, ran into the restroom. He followed her till there but could not muster courage to enter it. For a while he stood in front of the washroom but when she refused to come out, he went downstairs to the counter to continue robbing. His mental model said that it was okay to rob a bank, but to enter a woman’s washroom was absolutely an inappropriate thing to do. Before we start thinking about devising new technology, we have to think about mental models of people, which is hard to change.advertisementThe challenge actually is how do we add value in this new web world. To recognise the web that is free or could be free is to understand what you know and what you don’t. From the World Bank we have learnt the fact that the world opinion is the second superpower. So after understanding what it is, we can modify it accordingly and make it work.The big news is that people actually expect us to do something with all the data. Technology has transformed into a fundamental ingredient. Time has changed. There are 43 hours in a day instead of 24 hours and it is multi-tasking that has made this possible.The essence of life is changing and we have got to change with it. We call it media snacking so the consumption of information is fundamentally changing. You all have heard of Artificial Intelligence (AI) but now it is switching over to Intelligence Augmentation (IA).”Consumers will run the show”SUKHINDER S.CASSIDYVP, ASIA-PACIFIC & LATIN AMERICA OPERATIONS, GOOGLE INCThe Internet perhaps is an unprecedented tool for self-expression, unmatched in history for a catalyst for people to be able to express their beliefs, thoughts and anxieties in a public forum. From a few computer scientists, it now spans the globe-there are almost 1.2 to 1.3 billion people online and connected at any given time which doesn’t take into account the 4:1 ratio of connectivity with the mobile phone to the personal computer (PC). So numbers are even larger when you consider that opportunity.Three key fundamental drivers changed this before us. The first and foremost is the availability of access and the entries and penetration of both broadband and wireless. Storage is getting cheaper. Disk prices have reduced some 3.6 million times since 1982. If gas mileage improved that much, one gallon could take you 2,000 times around the earth. Today, the average iPod which holds around 10,000 songs will be able to store all commercial music ever produced by 2016. Less than 10 years from now, you may have every conceivable song in the palm of your hand and by 2025, you can store all the content ever created.Then there is what we call the democratisation of the tools of production. Not only do you need to make it really easy for people to store, but easy for them to create information. The cost of producing content today is zero. Think about what the financing or business amortisation of that zero-producedcost content could be. THE COST OF PRODUCING CONTENT TODAY IS ZERO. IT IS THE USERS WHO ULTIMATELY ARE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS. But of course all this is the background that sets the stage on which the consumer gets to play. There has been a fundamental power shift in who has the ability to produce and create content and who has the ability to access and disseminate content. Consumer empowerment has different facets. The consumer runs the show, no longer limited to device and time and can completely call the rate, the place and the time at which he wants to consume information. The other fundamental change is consumers not just digest content but create it and are copyright holders. What happens when somebody shares pictures you put on flickr with another friend? This just violated your copyright.Take the example of YouTube. It demonstrates not just of the power of the individual, but the power of the crowd. The community decides what it surfs and ultimately the popularity of that content. Take the example of Matt, an Australian backpacker who uploaded a video of him dancing in 39 countries. It got 9.5 million viewers since it was uploaded and Matt is now on his second world tour after a sponsorship by a corporation. YouTube is really the notion of collective wisdom. You can learn from the community because it may have better wisdom that is available to you as an individual. Another example here, of course, in terms of crowd and community, is the sort of social networking sites that you see today-Orkut, MySpace, Friendster, Facebook are platforms which speak to the fundamental point that although we think of ourselves as sitting as drones on a PC, in reality, people seek to connect with others like they do in real life. A consumer package goods company in Brazil, which had cancelled a chocolate bar, was forced to reintroduce the bar, thanks to the outrage registered by thousands of online website communities.advertisementHow do you finance the revolution? Google is based on an advertising business model historically. We think of it as a virtual circle where the creation of content begets more content, users, advertisers, publishers, until it monetises the individual content holders website. So we think of this as an interaction not just between the users who look at content and the advertisers who submit their content to be viewed, but the creation of incentives for people to potentially publish even more content and finance a business model.WE SHOULD FOCUS MORE ON GENERATING CONTENT AND SPOTTING BUSINESS MODELS LIKE ADVERTISING.So when you ask the question “Can the Web be Free” and who is paying all the cost, the answer lies in the advertisement on a PC that is subsidising the cost of creation. For individuals, small groups-profit or non-profit-that have interest or passion and desire to share and create even more knowledge, should know the method and have the finances. Of course, this model needs to extend way beyond the PC and go on to the mobile phone and radio and even print where it was only available to the largest of advertisers with the largest of budgets.Think of tomorrow’s possibilities like machine translation. The combination of transliteration and machine translation will allow people to publish content in their native languages-Telugu, Punjabi, Hindi or Marathi-which will be translated into 6,000 languages allowing you to reach out to every human being on the planet. It is going to enable the next generation of low-cost content.Our primary consideration should be the creation of content and spotting business models, subscriptions, advertising- the primary opportunity before us is to create the platforms and the tools to take advantage of content creation and you have to leave it to the generation-next technologists to come up with the generation-next modernisation. Advertising can go some part of the way but the opportunity before us is not to miss the ability to create that 6,000 by 6,000 combination and to do it for every single person on this planet.DiscussionQ. The web promotes instinctive reaction to irrational rumours. In the Indian commodity market, there was a recent incident of salt prices rising because of a rumour of a shortage. Your comments.Cassidy: Rumours travel at great speed. Internet is not a one-voice medium and you have the option of listening to more than a thousand rational voices at a time. Thinking about the positive, you should see the speed at which irrational information spreads. Everyone has the opportunity to participate in the process. At times, there are interesting a synchronies between different pieces of information. They can have an impact on people.May: One of the things technology does is to fundamentally change the risk. The other thing it does is to force us into the world. Soon we will get to a point on this technology curve when every individual in this planet will have access to technology that can change his/her life for better or for worse. We have to somehow reach a point where we show the advantages of using this amazing tool for good.Q. The IT sector is the largest revenue contributor to the service sector in India and a major portion of this revenue comes from the US. Do you see that as a threat?Nandan Nilekani (chairperson): The US runs a trade deficit of 7 per cent to 8 per cent of the GDP that is $800 million. It does have an impact on all countries in the world. It is an accepted proposition and if there is a slowdown, it will affect every industry and not IT alone. While the domestic revenues of Indian IT companies are not much, we are already seeing in India the benefit of technology in a wide number of applications. We talked about the mobile phone revolution, we know what happened to our stock exchanges after they adopted technology, our entire voting system is now simpler with EVS in place, our banking system, too, is automated. Be it airlines or railways, technology is everywhere.Q. My worry about all this technological projection is that everybody is sitting in front of the PC most of the time. And that takes a toll on one’s health. Will technology change?Cassidy: I actually share your concern. I think that there is no question that one of the risks of technology is that it can absolutely consume your time and it is always a tragic segment of your life. You will have to consciously switch off your BlackBerry, turn off your computer and not read your e-mail. You should go on a vacation with your family and take a break, or else, it is coming at you all the time. However, there is something called an active video game that gives you a chance to exercise.
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Cannavaro backing Napoli to win Europa Leagueby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBallon d’Or winner Fabio Cannavaro is backing Napoli to win the Europa League.The former centre-back lifted the trophy with Parma in 1999.“I was the last to win what was still the UEFA Cup in 1999,” Cannavaro told Il Mattino.“I was at Parma, and at that time we dominated the UEFA Cup like the Spaniards do now. I don’t know why, over time, Italian teams have snubbed this competition, although it’s certainly tiring.“Winning it brings great joy though, and Napoli have all the means to do that.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say
CFB Betting LinesIf you’re a gambling man (or woman), you can now bet on college football’s (basically) full slate of 2015 games. Who’s favored in the first Harbaugh-Meyer game? The Las Vegas sportsbook, Golden Nugget, has released its lines for its “games of the year,” which are nearly all of the notable games that will occur each week. The casino will take a max bet of $1,000 on the games. Here they are: Thursday, Sept. 3Michigan at Utah -4TCU -18 at MinnesotaFriday, Sept. 4Washington at Boise State -13Saturday, Sept. 5Wisconsin vs. Alabama -10 (Arlington, Texas)Louisville vs. Auburn -11.5 (Atlanta, Ga.)Arizona State vs. Texas A&M -3 (Houston)Texas at Notre Dame -7.5Virginia at UCLA -17BYU at Nebraska -6Monday, Sept. 7Ohio State -16 at Virginia TechSaturday, Sept. 12LSU -3 at Mississippi StateUCLA -32 at UNLVOklahoma at Tennessee -3Notre Dame -9 at VirginiaOregon State at Michigan -14Iowa -4.5 at Iowa StateMarshall -3.5 at Ohio UniversityBoise State -6 at BYUOregon at Michigan State -1Thursday, Sept. 17Clemson -3 at LouisvilleSaturday, Sept. 19Auburn at LSU -4UNLV at Michigan -33Ole Miss at Alabama -9.5South Carolina at Georgia -11Georgia Tech at Notre Dame -2Nebraska at Miami, Fla. PKStanford at USC -4BYU at UCLA -14Colorado -1.5 vs. Colorado State (Denver)Thursday, Sept. 24Cincinnati at Memphis -2Friday, Sept. 25Boise State -9 at VirginiaSaturday, Sept. 26LSU -20 at SyracuseUCLA at Arizona PKUSC -1 at ArizonaUtah at Oregon -14Oklahoma State at Texas -2.5BYU at Michigan -7Texas A&M vs. Arkansas -6.5 (Arlington, Texas)Mississippi State at Auburn -8Tennessee -2.5 at FloridaThursday, Oct. 1Miami, Fla. at Cincinnati -2.5Saturday, Oct. 3UNLV at Nevada -14Ole Miss -6 at FloridaAlabama at Georgia PKSouth Carolina at Missouri -11Arkansas at Tennessee -1Mississippi State at Texas A&M -6.5Pittsburgh at Virginia Tech -9Arizona at Stanford -7.5Arizona State at UCLA -6Oregon -16 at ColoradoArmy at Penn State -28West Virginia at Oklahoma -10Kansas State at Oklahoma State -4Texas at TCU -21Notre Dame at Clemson -3.5Thursday, Oct. 8Washington at Southern Cal -19Saturday, Oct. 10LSU -8 at South CarolinaGeorgia Tech at Clemson -3Arkansas at Alabama -7.5Florida at Missouri -10Georgia at Tennessee PKMiami (FL) at Florida State -14.5Virginia at Pittsburgh -6Boise State -12 at Colorado StateTCU -11 at Kansas StateOklahoma -6.5 vs. Texas (Dallas, Texas)Oklahoma State at West Virginia -5Wisconsin -1 at NebraskaNavy at Notre Dame -14Thursday, Oct. 15UCLA at Stanford -4.5Auburn -9 at KentuckyFriday, Oct. 16UNLV at Fresno State -12Boise State -9.5 at Utah StateSaturday, Oct. 17Florida at LSU -14Arizona State at Utah -2USC at Notre Dame PKOregon -15 at WashingtonLouisville at Florida State -12Pittsburgh at Georgia Tech -14Virginia Tech at Miami, Fla. -6Missouri at Georgia -8.5Alabama -7 at Texas A&MWest Virginia at Baylor -17TCU -29 at Iowa StateOklahoma -3 at Kansas StateMichigan State -4.5 at MichiganPenn State at Ohio State -19Saturday, Oct. 24Utah at USC -7Kansas State at Texas -2Tennessee at Alabama -10Auburn at Arkansas -6.5Texas A&M at Ole Miss -4Clemson -4.5 at Miami, Fla.Florida State at Georgia Tech PKThursday, Oct. 29Oregon -5 at Arizona StateWest Virginia at TCU -20Saturday, Oct. 31Boise State -28.5 at UNLVCentral Florida at Cincinnati -6Georgia Tech -10 at VirginiaOle Miss at Auburn -4Florida vs. Georgia -12 (Jacksonville, Fla.)South Carolina at Texas A&M -10Oregon State at Utah -16Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2015Northern Illinois at Toledo -3Thursday, Nov. 5Mississippi State at Missouri, -6Baylor -12 at Kansas StateSaturday, Nov. 7LSU at Alabama -9Arkansas at Ole Miss -1Auburn -1.5 at Texas A&MTCU -11 at Oklahoma StateMichigan State -6 at NebraskaFlorida State at Clemson -2Virginia at Miami, Fla. -6.5Notre Dame -3 at PittsburghArizona at USC -7.5Thursday, Nov. 12Virginia Tech at Georgia Tech -9.5Friday, Nov. 13USC -12 at ColoradoSaturday, Nov. 14Arkansas at LSU -1.5Utah at Arizona -3Oregon at Stanford PKAlabama -9 at Mississippi StateFlorida at South Carolina -2.5Oklahoma at Baylor -13BYU at Missouri -12Saturday, Nov. 21San Diego State -16 at UNLVLSU at Ole Miss PKFresno State at BYU -18TCU -5 at OklahomaBaylor -10 at Oklahoma StateMichigan State at Ohio State -14Michigan at Penn State -4.5Mississippi State at Arkansas -10Tennessee at Missouri -2.5Georgia Tech -6 at Miami, Fla.Arizona at Arizona State -3UCLA -1 at UtahCalifornia at Stanford -13Friday, Nov. 27Baylor at TCU -6Oregon State at Oregon -22.5Washington State at Washington -4.5Iowa at Nebraska -7Texas A&M at LSU -7.5Kansas State -24 at KansasOklahoma -3 at Oklahoma StateBYU at Utah State PKOhio State -16 at MichiganPenn State at Michigan State -12UCLA at USC -3Colorado at Utah -13.5Notre Dame at Stanford -3North Carolina at NC State -6Virginia Tech -4 at VirginiaMissouri at Arkansas -7Alabama -3.5 at AuburnFlorida State -4 at FloridaGeorgia -1 at Georgia TechLouisville -2.5 at KentuckyOle Miss -2 at MississippiClemson -3 at South CarolinaVanderbilt at Tennessee -17Saturday, Dec. 5Texas at Baylor -18West Virginia at Kansas State -5Saturday, Dec. 12Navy -13 vs. Army, Philadelphia, Pa.
TORONTO — A complex trial involving a novel claim to a large swath of Lake Huron lake bed and allegations of broken promises is set to kick off in Toronto today.The trial pits the Saugeen Ojibway Nation against the federal and Ontario governments.The two aboriginal groups who make up the Saugeen Ojibway Nation launched their claims about two decades ago.They say their traditional territory includes what is now the Bruce Peninsula and lands south stretching from Goderich, Ont., to Collingwood, Ont.The territory, they assert, includes most of the waters of Georgian Bay and Lake Huron.The case will likely take years to wind its way through the court system.“We’re working on the schedule,” lawyer Cathy Guirguis, who represents the Saugeen Ojibway Nation, said in an interview on Wednesday. “What’s been requested of the court is over 200 days.”Essentially, two separate claims by the Saugeen Ojibway Nation — known as SON — against Ottawa and Ontario are in play.The first, which appears to be unprecedented in Canada, involves recognition of aboriginal title to land underwater that forms part of the Indigenous groups’ traditional homelands that weren’t surrendered by treaty. As far as she knows, Guirguis said, the courts have never ruled on title to lakes.Chief Lester Anoquot of Saugeen First Nation said the issues at stake are of profound importance.“This trial is not only a watershed moment for SON seeking recognition of our rights, but also for Indigenous peoples and aboriginal rights across Canada,” Anoquot said in a statement.“This is about legally recognizing how integral our waters are to us as Anishinaabe people, and how the relationship we have with, and the responsibilities we have to, our lands and our waters has survived to present day.”The second claim involves the Bruce Peninsula, which separates Lake Huron from Georgian Bay.Under a treaty in 1836, SON gave up more than 600,000 hectares of rich agricultural land south of Owen Sound, Ont. In exchange, the claim asserts, the Crown promised under Treaty 45-1/2 to protect forever what is now the Bruce Peninsula from settler incursion. However, just 18 years later in 1854 under Treaty 72, the Crown demanded the surrender of the peninsula on the basis the government could no longer protect the lands from settlers.SON now asserts that the Crown misled the First Nations and could have protected the peninsula as initially promised. The claim calls for the return of lands on the peninsula still owned by Ontario or Canada or that have not been bought and paid for by third parties. It’s not clear how much of the peninsula could be affected.Any compensation will be dealt with at a later phase of the trial.For their parts, the governments maintain they have dealt with the First Nations properly, have lived up to their treaty obligations and deny aboriginal title to the lands exist. They want the claims thrown out.Currently, court dates have been scheduled through the fall. This week will see two days of opening statements, with a week of evidentiary hearings scheduled for next week in Nawash or Cape Croker. After a week off, the court will then travel for another week of hearings in Saugeen First Nation.Colin Perkel, The Canadian Press