Panel discusses elements of ethical debate

first_imgHoping to open up a discussion on how to have ethical and and productive debates, the University Writing Program, the Higgins Labor Program, the Student Coalition for Immigration Advocacy, the Snite Museum and the Young Americans for Freedom jointly hosted a panel Thursday night in the Geddes coffee house. John Duffy, associate professor of English at Notre Dame, began the panel by considering what is actually meant by the words “ethics” and “ethical arguments.”Duffy said there are three major philosophies through which one can interpret and ask questions about ethics. The first perspective, Deontology, assumes that there are actions which are categorically right and categorically wrong, and asks a person to consider what, in actuality, is the right thing to do. The second perspective, Duffy said, examines the consequences of actions. However, both of these philosophies can face difficulties when reviewing their practical values.“In [certain] case[s], there are some values that clash pretty dramatically, and so people begin to feel less secure,” Duffy said. “[These questions] can be much harder when we don’t know the answers.”Ultimately, Duffy said he “feels most compelled” by a third perspective: virtue ethics.“The question to ask here is what would a good person do … and what does it mean to be a good person?” he said.The answers to these questions can be found through qualities such as  “truthfulness, accountability, generosity, compassion and courage,” Duffy said.Thus, ethical arguments are those which are guided by attributes that correspond with virtue ethics, such as truthfulness and courage. If arguments are gone about in this way, Duffy said, they can become an act of “radical humility.”“Every time we argue, we put propositions in front of others, and we ask them to judge us … In doing that, we are in a sense, inviting them to make an assessment of ourselves, and our ideas,” Duffy said.  Elizabeth Capdevielle, assistant teaching professor in the University Writing Program, continued these thoughts by invoking the actions and works of figures such as Ade Bethune — an artist for the Catholic Worker Movement — and Martin Luther King Jr., and considered how the rationale behind these individuals could be used to foster more ethical communication in writing. “If we want to be part of powerful social change, we can take the road of non-violence, and communication can be our way of doing that,” Capdevielle said. Nathaniel Myers, also of the University Writing Program, then discussed what the writing program calls, the six rhetorical virtues — honesty, knowledge, virtue, tolerance, judgement and intellectual courage. “The three virtues that are especially helpful in strengthening our own claims and our ability to reach across the political divide … are honesty, knowledge and tolerance,” Myers said. Through the usage of these virtues, Myers said writers will be able to be less combative and more productive in persuasive pieces. Despite the usefulness of these virtues, there are limitations to these strategies, Myers said. “To engage virtuously in argument requires that both sides are seeking to engage virtuously … If you are the only one that’s obligated to use words responsibly … you’re already going to be in a losing position,” he said.Ending the panel, Patrick Clauss, of the University Writing Program looked back on an incident that recently occurred in his life where, while walking in his home while the lights were off, he ran into his couch. Though no one was there in his basement to hear his exclamations of pain, his reaction was still to shout.“We are evolutionarily programmed to use language. When something happens to us, we react.“When you feel attacked, do you willingly give up your position, or do you more tightly cling to your position?” he said. “ … When we feel attacked, we defend.” Tags: Debate, Higgins Labor Program, Notre Dame Young Americans for Freedom, Snite Museum, Student Coalition for Immigration Advocacy, University Writing Programlast_img read more

Tony Winner Mark Rylance Wins an Oscar for Bridge of Spies

first_img View Comments Three-time Tony Award winner Mark Rylance won the Oscar on February 28 for Actor in a Supporting Role. His performance as Rudolf Abel in Bridge of Spies marks his first nomination. And while we didn’t get a signature Rylance prose poem acceptance speech (see below), we’re sure Broadway fans tuning in cheered for the stage favorite during what turned out to be one of the biggest upsets of the night.Rylance won Tony Awards for his performances in Twelfth Night, Jersualem and Boeing-Boeing. He has also appeared on Broadway in Richard III (in repertory with Twelfth Night) and Le Bête. He can currently be seen on the New York stage in Nice Fish, which he co-created with Louis Jenkins, at St. Ann’s Warehouse.Rylance was also nominated for a Golden Globe for Bridge of Spies, as well as for Wolf Hall. His additional screen credits include Bing, The Other Boleyn Girl and the upcoming The BFG.Another Broadway alum took home a golden statue from the 88th annual Academy Awards: Tom McCarthy, director and co-writer of Spotlight (featuring Something Rotten!’s Brian d’Arcy James), shared a win for Best Original Screenplay with Josh Singer. The film earned the top prize of Big Picture. Mark Rylance(Photo by Kevin Winter/Getty Images)last_img read more

Food Waste

first_imgPublic health experts are imploring Americans to avoid the kind of large gatherings that mark the holidays. But additional food waste may be an unfortunate byproduct of fewer people at the table, according to researchers at the University of Georgia. The key is some additional planning.Smaller households tend to waste more food, according to a study on household food waste and inefficiencies by faculty in UGA’s College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences’ Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics. Larger households have a greater potential for diversity of tastes, leading to greater opportunities for consumption of prepared foods.Waste is defined as the amount of unconsumed food, whereas inefficiency is the measure of unused food.The people who tend to be most efficient with food production are usually older, have more education or shop more often for food. Households where more than one person is responsible for meal preparation have greater food inefficiencies, likely due to coordination problems.Another factor — distance to the grocery store — showed that people who travel farther distances waste less food. “They might tend to plan more,” he said.Waste and inefficiency could be due to other issues such as scale efficiency — how good you are at ramping up operations, a type of inefficiency.“If you think about your time, some people who are better at cooking might take less time,” said the study’s lead author, Travis A. Smith, an associate professor in UGA’s Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.A growing problemAccording to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, roughly one-third of food waste is at the retail and household levels in the U.S. Higher-priced items tend to get wasted less, but because food is relatively cheap, it’s more of an afterthought, according to Smith.Americans spent an average of 9.5% of their income on food in 2019 according to the USDA. Those who earned more spent a higher total amount on food, but less percentage of their paycheck compared to those with lower wages.Although copious research has been done on consumer food preferences, there is limited comprehensive data on household food shopping and consumption. The authors used data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Nationwide Food Consumption Survey done in 1977-1978, a study that was later discontinued due to its burden and cost. They hope their findings may help spur further data collection and ultimately motivate industry or policy changes.Consumer uncertaintyOne uncertainty for consumers and potential policy option is the use of food labels. “There’s a lot of confusion about ‘use by,’ ‘best by’ and ‘sell by’ dates,” explained Smith. The ambiguity surrounding these commonly used phrases is because they revolve around food quality, rather than food safety. Only infant formula currently requires a date for food safety.The USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service developed the FoodKeeper App to help consumers better understand storage to maximize the freshness and quality of food.One industry shift growing in popularity is offering various package sizes for consumers to plan a more finite amount of product, but there is still room for improvement, Smith said.“If you want to eat kale, you have to buy a huge bag and the rest might get thrown away [due to spoilage]. That’s something that could be addressed at the industry level,” he said.Read the full study published by Smith and co-author professor Craig Landry in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics along with a follow-up commentary about progress and challenges in food waste research.last_img read more

Wizz Air launches carbon offering programme | News

first_imgThe scheme, in partnership with climate-focused technology company, Chooose, provides passengers with the option to offset their journey by supporting trusted, high impact climate projects around the world.To account for their carbon emissions, passengers simply make a payment supporting a verified carbon offset and receive a certificate in return, recognising the emissions they have offset. Wizz Air is initially supporting two verified carbon-reducing projects; the International Small Group and Tree Planting Program in Uganda, an award-winning and longstanding reforestation project, and the Pichacay Landfill Gas to Renewable Energy Project in Ecuador, which recovers and repurposes landfill methane to produce clean electricity. – Advertisement – “Together with our modern aircraft fleet, variety of fuel saving initiatives, maximisation of passenger load factor, a network design which avoids unnecessary connecting flights and the lightest materials used in the cabin, we are ensuring that Wizz Air is the best and greenest choice passengers can make when they fly.” Wizz Air has launched a carbon offsetting scheme as part of its wider commitment to reducing emissions.The system enables passengers to calculate the environmental impact of a flight and offset the carbon emissions thereof. – Advertisement – Both projects are certified by the Verified Carbon Standard to measurable reduce emissions.Marion Geoffroy, chief corporate officer at Wizz Air, said: “We strive to be the greenest airline of choice as we work hard on continuously decreasing our environmental footprint. “Through a wide range of sustainability initiatives, we are proud to already have one of the lowest emission rates in the European aviation industry and are delighted to be working with Chooose to provide carbon offsetting to our passengers. – Advertisement –center_img OlderTUI cancels trips to see Santa in Lapland – Advertisement –last_img read more

US firms in China increasingly fear soured ties will last for years: Survey

first_imgUS companies in China are increasingly fretful that trade tensions between the world’s two biggest economies will drag out over years and nearly a third said their ability to retain staff had been affected, a survey showed.Half of the firms said they believe soured ties will last at least three years, up sharply from 30% in 2019, according to an annual business sentiment survey conducted by the American Chamber Commerce in Shanghai and consultancy PWC China.Of those, 27% said they believe tensions will last indefinitely, compared with just 13% last year. “US businesses in China would like to see the two countries resolve their outstanding issues quickly and reduce tensions. A workable cooperative framework for the next decade would be a good place to focus discussions,” Ker Gibbs, president of the business chamber, said in a statement.US-China tensions, already high after last year’s trade war, have further intensified this year due to the COVID-19 outbreak and as Washington blacklists or threatens to blacklist Chinese technology companies on national security grounds.With the US election approaching, President Donald Trump this week again raised the idea of separating the US and Chinese economies, also known as decoupling, suggesting the United States would not lose money if the countries no longer did business.Underscoring the worries about bilateral tensions as well as economic uncertainty caused by the coronavirus pandemic, only 29% of firms plan to increase their investment in China this year, down from 47% in 2019. But the proportion of companies with a pessimistic five-year outlook receded slightly, at 18.5% versus 21.1% in 2019.The improvement may be attributable to the Phase One trade deal, the report said, although it noted pessimism remained historically high. Until 2019, firms with pessimistic five-year outlooks had hovered at around 7% for several years.This year’s survey was conducted June 16-July 16 and garnered responses from 346 companies spanning sectors such as industrial manufacturing, automotive and pharmaceutical.More than 90% of respondents said they were committed to remaining in China, while 71% of firms that own or outsource production in China said they did not intend to shift manufacturing to other countries.Topics :last_img read more

ING pension fund avoids quarterly loss thanks to currency hedge

first_imgThe €18bn pension fund of banc-assurer ING has seen its investments generate a 0.2% loss over the third quarter, largely due to negative returns on its fixed income portfolio.However, due to a rise of the euro, the scheme’s full currency hedge delivered a 0.2% return, leading to a flat quarterly result, the fund said.An increase in long-term interest rates of up to 0.2% caused a 1.2% loss on the pension fund’s 67% fixed income holdings, which include interest swaps.As the purpose of this portfolio is largely to hedge interest risks on liabilities, it has a long duration, which increased the pension fund’s susceptibility to interest-rate fluctuations. The 24.2% equity portfolio returned 2.5% during the third quarter, mainly thanks to the performance of European and developed-market equities, ING said, adding that the performance of low-volatility equity was negative.The Stichting Pensioenfonds ING attributed the 0.6% return on its 5.6% property portfolio in particular to its listed real estate holdings.It further made clear that, mainly due to a weakening US dollar, its 2.7% alternatives investments, consisting of private equity and hedge funds, lost 0.3%.The ING scheme said its coverage ratio, based on market value, increased to 122.8% as of the end of September, whereas the official funding – based on the three-month average plus the ultimate forward rate – rose to 126.8%.The pension fund has 72,910 participants.Following the European Commission’s decision that its sponsor must be divided up into a bank and an insurance company, as a consequence of government support during the financial crisis, the pension fund is also facing a split-up into two schemes.last_img read more

Dodge City Raceway Park season opener around the corner

first_imgBy Lonnie WheatleyDODGE CITY, Kan. – It’s nearly time to flip the page of the calendar to April.  That means we’re well into the countdown toward opening night of dirt track racing action just more than two weeks away at Dodge City Raceway Park.The 2017 season kicks off at the state-of-the-art 3/8-mile clay oval on Saturday, April 15, with a full slate of championship chase action including Precise Racing Products DCRP Sprint Cars, IMCA Modifieds, IMCA SportMods, IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars and IMCA Sunoco Hobby Stocks.The season opener will go green at 7:30 p.m. Tickets are $15 for adults with children 11 and under admitted free when accompanied by an adult. Pit passes are $30.It marks the first of a dozen nights of championship chase action at DCRP before closing out the season with the return of the World of Outlaws Craftsman Sprint Car Series Oct. 27-28.The DCRP Sprint Cars and IMCA Modifieds will be in action over all 12 nights of championship chase action with the IMCA SportMods, Stock Cars and Hobby Stocks each getting in 10 rounds of competition.The season opener marks the first of two April events at Dodce City with Lewis Automotive Night featuring all five championship chase divisions to follow on Saturday, April 29. It also begins an action packed-season consisting of 14 overall nights of competition including several specials such as the $3,000 to win Lewis Automotive DCRP Sprint Car Nationals on June 16-17, the fifth annual Modified Stampede on May 6, the fourth annual SportMod Mayhem on Aug. 19, Driver Appreciation Night on July 28 and the fifth annual Jerry Soderberg Memorial Championship event on Sept. 16 before wrapping it up.For more information, contact the track at 620-225-3277 or check read more

Benteke out for six months

first_img Benteke has provided a fresh spark in attack, along with Romelu Lukaku, while the likes of Marouane Fellaini, Eden Hazard and Kevin de Bruyne have provided promptings from midfield, ahead of a rearguard that features Vincent Kompany and Atletico Madrid’s on-loan Chelsea goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois. While Villa will not consider themselves safe from relegation, they look to be nearly there. With seven games of their campaign remaining, Lambert’s side stand eight points clear of the bottom three. Manchester City centre-back Kompany, captain of club and country, sent his support to Benteke. Kompany wrote on Twitter: “Wishing you all the strength you need @bentekechris20 and I hope you will recover quickly! We’re all with you together!” Confirmation of Benteke’s setback came from his club on Thursday evening, after he underwent a scan having suffered the injury in an earlier training session. In a statement on Villa’s website, manager Paul Lambert said: “It’s a terrible blow both for Christian and for the club. “He will miss the rest of the season, obviously, and also the World Cup. But he’ll work hard because that’s what he does and he’ll come back for us stronger than ever next season.” Villa said in their statement: “Christian Benteke will undergo surgery after suffering a ruptured Achilles tendon injury today in training. “He will be out for a minimum of six months.” The powerful forward, who joined from Genk in August 2012, was Villa’s leading scorer and driving force in his first season at the club. Although he has at times struggled to reproduce that form during his second term at Villa Park, the 23-year-old has remained the focal point of Lambert’s attack, scoring 11 goals in the current campaign. He was set for his first World Cup with Belgium, despite experiencing a recent goal drought at international level. Benteke has frequently been linked with a move away from Villa Park, but the anticipated length of his absence looks likely to rule out any summer departure as it means he is not expected back until October at the earliest. Belgium will face South Korea, Algeria and Russia in the group stage at the World Cup finals in Brazil, having been among the top seeds following a dramatic resurgence in the country’s footballing fortunes. Press Association Aston Villa striker Christian Benteke has been ruled out for six months due to a ruptured Achilles tendon and will miss Belgium’s World Cup campaign. last_img read more

Worthington leaves York post

first_img They have failed to recapture such form this year, though, and are 22nd in the table, with only goal difference keeping them out of the bottom two. York lost 3-1 at Newport on Saturday and, in a series of quotes posted by the club’s Twitter account, Worthington said: “After Saturday’s result and in the best interests of York City, I have made the difficult decision to leave the club. “I feel the timing of my departure will give the players ample number of games to gain the points needed to ensure York City finishes in a good position in League Two by the end of the season. “In recent weeks, performances have not been up to my high standards and I take full responsibility for this as manager.” The former Northern Ireland boss vacates a position he had held since March 2013 and leaves the Minstermen after only one win in 14 games in all competitions this term. The 52-year-old took them to the League Two play-offs last season on the back of a remarkable 17-game unbeaten streak, yet they were knocked out at the semi-final stage by Fleetwood. Nigel Worthington has resigned as manager of York, the Sky Bet League Two club have announced on their official Twitter account.center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

The Latest: Everton allowed to play Liverpool at home

first_img Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___Everton will be allowed to host city rival Liverpool at Goodison Park instead of playing at a neutral venue when the rivals meet on June 21. ___English soccer club Stoke says manager Michael O’Neill has tested positive for COVID-19.The second-division club says the 50-year-old O’Neill had tested negative in five previous rounds of testing but the positive result came from a test administered on Monday.Stoke says O’Neill will “follow the relevant guidance and undergo a period of isolation.” Assistant manager Billy McKinlay will take charge of training.Stoke is scheduled to play Reading when the Championship resumes on June 20. The Latest: Everton allowed to play Liverpool at home June 10, 2020 Associated Press Police had initially believed the Merseyside derby could not be staged in Liverpool because of fears that fans would congregate outside.Premier League games will take place without fans for the rest of the season because of the coronavirus pandemic.The Ground Safety Advisory Group in Liverpool says Anfield and Goodison Park can now be used for Liverpool and Everton matches.Liverpool could clinch the trophy by beating Everton if Manchester City loses to Arsenal on June 17.Liverpool Deputy Mayor Wendy Simon says “we are confident the measures in place will allow the matches to be held behind closed doors without any detrimental impact to all concerned and recommend to the city council that the safety certificates for both grounds be amended to allow this to happen.” The Premier League returns to action with two matches on June 17.___More AP sports: and read more